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Greater Vancouver and Lower Mainland Mountaineering sports information, listings and links

[ Background | Equipment | Where ]


Mountaineering in the Canadian Rockies

Mountaineering originated in the 18th century in Europe. Religious superstitions deterred earlier climbers. The first major peak to be climbed was the French Mont Blanc in 1786 by Swiss climbers. British climbers and explorers in the 1800s climbed every major peak in Europe, North and South America and Africa. It wasn't until this century that a Himalayan peak was attempted, an in 1953, with the assistance of oxygen tanks, Sir Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzig Norgay of Nepal reached the top of Mt. Everest (8848 m, 26,504 ft), the tallest peak in the world. Recently a number of Canadians also climbed Everest.

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Mountaineering requires a fair amount of equipment, though it can be rented and is often included with a course. The essential equipment includes: warm, waterproof clothing including gloves, hat, gaiters, leather or plastic mountaineering boots, "crampons" (pointed metal plate affixed to boots for better traction on ice and snow), harness, ice axe and backpack for carrying food, extra clothing and emergency gear.

Other equipment, typically shared by the climbing party, includes climbing ropes, ice screws, rescue pulley, and snow shovel.

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Beginners should take a mountaineering course, an avalanche and ice safety course, or consider hiring a personal guide. To find out about courses and/or guides, you can call Canada West Mountain School in Vancouver (604-878-7007) Yamnuska in Canmore, ALberta (403-678-4164).

Vancouver hikers and climbers are extremely fortunate, as they are within minutes of the mountains and their favourite pastime. Most physically fit individuals with no need for special mountaineering equipment can climb Seymour, Hollyburn, Black Mountain and other peaks in the North Shore Mountains. The Camel on Crown Mountain, The Lions and Mt. Harvey offer good rock climbs. The North Shore mountains, where winter mountaineering got its start, is still popular.

WARNING. Mountaineering requires essential safety precautions to avoid unnecessary risk. For difficult or challenging climbs a guide familiar with the area is recommended.

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